Planting/ Transplanting and Watering

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Planting/ Transplanting and Watering

Once you have chosen your planting material you have several methods of Planting or Transplanting

• Direct Seeding
• Transplanting Seedlings
• Transplanting Cuttings
• Transplanting Suckers
• Transplanting Fruit Trees

Direct seeding has certain advantages and disadvantages

• Planted directly because of the large seed, so it has enough food reserves for the young plant to establish itself

• Require 3-4 times more seeds
• More weed control necessary
• More time and effort in pest and disease control

Transplanting Seedlings

• Ensure seedlings are hardened off
• Plant seedlings in the late afternoon
• Prepare the land or the containers for the plant
• Place stakes or supports for plants.

• Prepare the planting hole depending on the seedling size ( hole should be twice as large as the root ball
• Incorporate soil from hole with manure


Steps in Transplanting a Seedling

1. Remove the seedling from the seedling tray and loosen the medium around the root
2. Make a hole large enough for the root to comfortable fit into planting hole
3. Set the plant in the soil, keeping it level to the soil.
4. Do not bury the seedling too deep
5. Do not pile soil around the seedling stem
6. Lightly compress soil around seedling once planted.
7. Water seedling as soon as it is transplanted
8. Provide plant with a liquid fertilizer as a soil drench


Transplanting cuttings
• Sweet potato slips – 12” or 30 cm apart
• Cassava – 90 cm ( 3ft.) apart , at an angle 45degrees, leaving 2-3 nodes (eyes) above ground
• Yam setts – pieces or whole yam heads 90 cm (3ft.) apart on mounds.
• Dasheen – corms 30 cm- 60cm (1-2ft.) apart for leaves
– 90 cm (3ft.) apart for dasheen corms
• Ginger – plant pieces 60 cm (2ft) apart
• Eddoes – plant cormels 60cm (2ft.)
• Tannia – plant cormels 90cm (3ft. ) apart


Transplanting Banana/ Plantain Suckers
• Using a sharp straight cutlass or spade to remove the sucker ensuring that the corm remains intact
• Trim around the corm until white tissue is seen
• Cut off the top of the sucker
• Plant sucker 2-3 meters apart
• Prepare the planting hole 30cm x 30cm x30cm (1ft x 1ft x1ft)
• Mix the soil with 1tbsp. 12:24:12 and organic matter and place at base of planting hole
• Place sucker in planting hole and full around it with remaining soil mix, ensuring that the corm is covered.


Importance of Water for Plant Growth

• Solvent for minerals
• Transport of minerals and manufactured food
• Evaporation/ Cooling
• Plant structure & Turgidity ( pressure of water in the cells)
• Photosynthesis


Tips when Watering/ Irrigation

• Chlorine free water e.g. rain water is best
• Irregular watering puts plants under stress and causes:
– Flower drop
– Poor fruit development
– Stunted growth or even death

Methods of Watering
• Watering can- suitable for small garden or containers
• Garden Hose ( fan nozzle or spray attachment) for larger gardens
– Nozzle breaks the force of water
– Gentle flow rates of water don’t displace seeds
– Nozzels help reduce damage to seedlings (gentle/shower)

• Drip or Trickle irrigation- large/small areas has certain benefits
– Reduces water needed
– Water is placed where needed
– Reduces weed growth ( limited water for weeds on surface)
– Keeps leaves dry reducing fungal growth
– Reduces soil splash on to leaves

Alternative techniques for watering plants
• Ollas
• Self Watering Pots
• Self-watering Guttering System
• Soda Bottle/ Plastic Bottle Waterer


Video – Transplanting and Watering


Information courtesy the Extension Training and Information Services (ETIS) Division

Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Fisheries

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