Factsheet Production of Cocoa
Cocoa or Theobroma cacao can be grown either from seeds (seedling cocoa), cuttings (clonal cocoa) or from grafted/budded plants. Seedlings have a tap root system and are recommended for hillsides and in areas with very dry conditions. They may also be grown on flat areas. Clones however, have a fibrous root system and are therefore recommended for flat.. Read more
Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Production of Cocoa (Adobe PDF 2058 Kb)
Fact sheet- Harvesting, Fermentation and Drying of Cocoa
Harvesting involves the removal of fully mature and ripe cocoa pods from the trees, and opening them to extract the beans (figure 2). Harvest pods with sharp cocoa knives or cutlasses. Do not damage the flower cushion... Read More
Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Harvesting, Fermentation and Drying of Cocoa (Adobe PDF 1033 Kb)
Fact Sheet - Rehabilitation of Old Cocoa Fields
Rehabilitation is the transformation of old, abandoned or semi-abandoned estates into productive, money earning enterprises. Unproductive cocoa trees are replaced with high-yielding, disease tolerant varieties. Yields would greatly increase if the cocoa plants are planted at a closer spacing instead of the traditional, Read more...
Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Rehabilitation of Old Cocoa Fields (Adobe PDF 1033 Kb)
Fact Sheet- Shade Management in Cocoa Production
A seventy per cent (70%) shade is absolutely necessary for newly established young cocoa plants. This should be gradually reduced to twenty five per cent (25%) shade for cocoa trees over five to seven years. Shade is needed to reduce water loss in the dry season. Read more.....
Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Shade Management in Cocoa Production (Adobe PDF 1120 Kb)
Fact sheet- Black Pod Disease of Cocoa
Black Pod disease is caused by a fungus, Phytophthora palmivora. It infects pods, flower cushions, young vegetative shoots, stems and roots of cocoa trees. Black pod disease occurs mainly during the rainy season and is spread mainly by rain splash. When it is dry, such as in the dry season, the fungus is unable to grow, reproduce or infect cocoa.
Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Black Pod Disease of Cocoa (Adobe PDF 1120 Kb)
Fact Sheet- Witches Broom Disease of Cocoa
Witches’ Broom is a disease of cocoa caused by the fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa on cocoa. The infection causes numerous broom-like shoots to sprout, thus the term “Witches’ Broom”.
Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Witches' Broom Disease of Cocoa (Adobe PDF 1120 Kb)
The Enginering Division of the Ministry of Food Production is responsible for the following projects:
- Access Roads
- Water Management
- Soil Lab
- Operations and Maintenance
The objective of the access road section is to rehabilitate and maintain roads used by farmers to access their farmlands. In some cases these roads are impassible by
motor vehicles. This programme ensures that farmers have easy and efficient access to move fertilizer, pesticides, planting materials, etc. and also enables them to
transport their produce from farm to market.
The Water Management Section seeks to identify and make available to the farmers at various statelands projects, suitable irrigation water while also providing some
measure of flood control.
The Soil Laboratory is involved in soil investigations and materials testing which is an essential preliminary step in the conduct of all civil engineering works. The
purposes of such investigations are:-
- To assess the general suitability of the site for the proposed works
- To enable the engineers of Engineering Division to prepare appropriate designs
- To foresee and prevent problems which may arise during construction due to ground and other local conditions.
- To perform on-going relevant field tests during the construction phase to achieve the specifications/quality of works required by Engineering Division.
The primary role of the Survey Section is to provide technical assistance to the Access Roads and Soil and Water Section. This technical assistance may include:
- Topograpical surveys state agricultural lands for the purpose of pond design and construction.
- Topographical surveys of roads.
- Assisting the Soil Laboratory with positioning their test holes on maps which show their position in relation to the project area.
- Monitoring of levels for Road Construction thereby ensuring that the various thicknesses for the sub-base, base and sealing layers as detailed in the contract document
- are executed on site by the contractors.
- Engineering levels on irrigation channels in order to provide data to determine the drainage flow and capacity of channels for design of pumps and sluice gates.
Administration - Role and Function
To provide administrative Accounting and Clerical support to the Directorate and
the Heads of Section of Engineering Division, in managing the Division’s Human Resources, Finances and Goods and Services.
Operations & Maintenance
This section is made of four sub-sections, Central Workshop, Facilities, Maintenance and Pumps. The role and functions are as follows:
- To provide repair and maintenance services to all Ministry vehicles and equipment.
- To provide irrigation and drainage services to all farmers.
- To provide transportation services to all Divisions in the Ministry of Food Production.
- To provide repair and maintenance services to buildings and facilities in the Engineering Division and other Divisions.
Corner Mausica Rd & Caroni North Bank Rd, Centeno
Tel: 642-0363,0267, 646-5231