avocado factsheet

The Avocado (Persea americana) is a popular fruit that can be eaten fresh or in salads. It is a rich source of vitamins and minerals and helps reduce cholesterol.
Once managed well, plants can produce an average of 100 - 200 fruits per tree with high yielding varieties producing more than 300 fruits per tree at peak production. Grafted plants start bearing three years after planting and can continue to bear fruit for more than twenty years.

Click to Download " How to Grow Avocado" Factsheet  (Adobe PDF 1.52 MB)


Bodi is easily grown throughout the year. Three to four plants will supply enough fruit (pods) for the average home. Bodi contains protein, fibre, carbohydrates, iron, calcium, vitamins A and B.

Bodi is a legume and it replenishes soil nitrogen used up by other crops. It is therefore an excellent choice for crop rotation. It can also be grown in containers.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Bodi" Guide (Adobe PDF 403KB)




Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var capitata) belongs to the family Cruciferae. Other member of this family include cauliflower, broccoli and pak-choi. Cabbage can be cooked or eaten raw as in salads and coleslaw.

It is important for its food value since it is a good source of Vitamins B and C, dietary fibre and minerals. Cabbage can be grown all year round but does better when the nights are very cool (October to March). Just a few plants planted fortnightly will keep the home continuously supplied with this vegetable.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Cabbage" Guide (Adobe PDF 882KB)

How to Grow a Good Cassava Crop

  1. (Manihot esculenta)

Successful cassava production depends on an understanding and application of good crop production practices. The tuber are highly susceptible to spoilage as early as 12 hours after harvesting.

Good post harvest handling is crucial to maximize your profits.

 Click Here to Download "Cassava Production" Guide (Adobe PDF 410 MB)

Corn or maize (Zea mays L.) belongs to the family Gramineae. Corn is an important crop which supplies food for human and animal consumption. It is a good source of carbohydrates, vitamins (B1, B5, C, and E), phosphorus, magnesium, iron and zinc. It also contains fiber which helps the digestive system to function properly.

Click to Download " How to Grow Field Corn" Factsheet  (Adobe PDF 1.46 MB)



Hot Pepper evolved in our part of the world, so they are perfectly adapted to our environmental conditions.

Peppers contain capsaicin, which is used in a variety of medicines to treat arthritis, cancer, inflammation, pain and a variety of other ailments. Peppers are also high in vitamin A, B and C.

One plant will provide all the peppers the average family needs.

Click to Download " How to Grow Hot Pepper" Guide (Adobe PDF 475KB)



Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) belongs to the family Asteraceae. It is not related to the Cruciferae such as cabbage.

It is a good source of dietary fibre, calcium, ironand vitamins A, B, C and E.

Just a few seedlings planted weekly, will keep the home continuously supplied with this leafy vegetable.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Lettuce" Guide (Adobe PDF 644KB)


Melongene (also known as "Eggplant" and Baigan") can be grown throughout the year.

When planting melongene consider the following:

  • Melongene is a deep-rooting crop. Roots reach a depth of 35-50 cm. So plough deep!
  • The plant bears fruits for a long time (6-9 months). Sometimes even cutting back can result in a new flush of growth and prolong the life of the crop. A fertile soil, rich in organic matter is necessary.
  • Melongene needs a lot of water, but it is very sensitive to water logging. Provide adequate drainage. The plant also responds favourably to irrigation under drought conditions.
  • This plant must be grown in full sunlight. It does not do well in shaded areas.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Melongene" Guide (Adobe PDF 332KB)


Ochro is easily grown throughout the year. Two of these plants will supply enough fruits ( pods) for the home. Ochro contains Vitamins A and C, calcium, carbohydrates, protein, fibre and iron.

Ochro grows best in fertile, well drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Ochro" Guide (Adobe PDF 453KB)


Pak-choi; (Brassica rapa subsp chinensis) belongs to the family Cruciferae. Other members of this family include cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and others.

Pak-choi is eaten either cooked or raw. It contains carbohydrate, protein, fat, dietary fibre, vitamin C and sodium.

Just a few plants planted weekly will provide a constant supply of this vegetable for the household.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Pakchoi" Guide (Adobe PDF 580KB)


Pumpkin, (Cucurbita moschata), belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. Related crops are water-melon, cucumber, cantaloupe, caraille and other gourds.

Pumpkin is a good source of vitamins A, B and C and minerals.

It is a very versatile vegetable and can be steamed, boiled or baked. The waste can also be fed to livestock.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Pumpkin" Guide (Adobe PDF 945KB)



Herbs are short, soft plants. They can be grouped into seasoning herbs, medicinal herbs or narcotic herbs. Seasoning herbs, also called culinary herbs, are used primarily for enhancing the flavour of foods.

Among the most commonly used seasoning herbs are celery, chive, parsley, thyme, chadon beni, basil, mint and lemon grass.

Container planting or trough culture is recommended for growing seasoning herbs for home use. Almost any container can be utilized for planting herbs; crates, tins, oil drums, barrels, buckets, flower pots, troughs or grow boxes.

If you are just starting to do home gardening, study the factsheet titled "Places to Plant at Home" and "Container Planting".

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Seasoning Herbs" Guide (Adobe PDF 393KB)


Sweet pepper is a fruit used in many West Indian dishes. It can be grown throughout the year.

Sweet Peppers may be grown in a variety of containers or on beds.

They contain Vitamins A, B and C, protein, fibre, and calcium.

This factsheet deals with growing sweet peppers on beds. For a guide to growing sweet peppers in containers see Factsheet on Container Planting.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Sweet Peppers" Guide (Adobe PDF 390KB)

sweet potato manual pic

Sweet Potato Production

Sweet potato is rich in Vitamin A (beta-carotene), Vitamin C and Vitamin B6. Both Vitamin A and C are powerful antioxidants that work in the body to remove free radicals which can damage healthy cells.

Click Here to Download "Sweet Potato Production" Guide(Adobe PDF 5.74 MB)


Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) can be grown throughout the year. You can start harvesting tomato fruits 8 - 9 weeks after transplanting. One tomato plant can yield 4 - 6 kg (10 - 15 lbs.) of fruits.

Tomato belongs to the Solanaceae family. Other crops belonging to this family include pepper and melongene.

Tomatoes are high in vitamins A and C and lycopene.

Click Here to Download "How to Grow Tomato" Guide (Adobe PDF 367KB)









Factsheet Production of Cocoa

Cocoa or Theobroma cacao can be grown either from seeds (seedling cocoa), cuttings (clonal cocoa) or from grafted/budded plants. Seedlings have a tap root system and are recommended for hillsides and in areas with very dry conditions. They may also be grown on flat areas. Clones however, have a fibrous root system and are therefore recommended for flat.. Read more

Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Production of Cocoa (Adobe PDF  2058 Kb)



Fact sheet- Harvesting, Fermentation and Drying of Cocoa 

Harvesting involves the removal of fully mature and ripe cocoa pods from the trees, and opening them to extract the beans (figure 2). Harvest pods with sharp cocoa knives or cutlasses. Do not damage the flower cushion... Read More

Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Harvesting, Fermentation and Drying of Cocoa (Adobe PDF  1033 Kb)

 factsheet Rehabilitation of old cocoa fileds

Fact Sheet - Rehabilitation of Old Cocoa Fields

Rehabilitation is the transformation of old, abandoned or semi-abandoned estates into productive, money earning enterprises. Unproductive cocoa trees are replaced with high-yielding, disease tolerant varieties. Yields would greatly increase if the cocoa plants are planted at a closer spacing instead of the traditional, Read more...

Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Rehabilitation of Old Cocoa Fields (Adobe PDF  1033 Kb)

 factsheet Shade management in cocoa production

Fact Sheet- Shade Management in Cocoa Production 

A seventy per cent (70%) shade is absolutely necessary for newly established young cocoa plants. This should be gradually reduced to twenty five per cent (25%) shade for cocoa trees over five to seven years. Shade is needed to reduce water loss in the dry season. Read more.....

Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Shade Management in Cocoa Production (Adobe PDF  1120 Kb)

factsheet black pod disease of cocoa

Fact sheet- Black Pod Disease of Cocoa

Black Pod disease is caused by a fungus, Phytophthora palmivora. It infects pods, flower cushions, young vegetative shoots, stems and roots of cocoa trees. Black pod disease occurs mainly during the rainy season and is spread mainly by rain splash. When it is dry, such as in the dry season, the fungus is unable to grow, reproduce or infect cocoa.

Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Black Pod Disease of Cocoa (Adobe PDF  1120 Kb)

Fact sheet witches broom disease of cocoa

Fact Sheet- Witches Broom Disease of Cocoa

Witches’ Broom is a disease of cocoa caused by the fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa on cocoa. The infection causes numerous broom-like shoots to sprout, thus the term “Witches’ Broom”.

Click Here to Download Fact Sheet- Witches' Broom Disease of Cocoa (Adobe PDF  1120 Kb)